The history of Eskişehir city from prehistoric times until the Republic
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The word Eskişehir in Turkish means “old city.” It is not surprising that a city with this name has a long history spanning 4000 years.
The history of Eskişehir is not limited to the modern period only, but extends to prehistoric times, giving the ancient city a distinctive historical depth.
Researchers assume that Eskişehir experienced its first human life 4,000 years ago with some migratory tribes within the present city limits.
The basic shape of Eskişehir first began to take shape in 1460 BC. Where the Hittites established a colony in the region, and the Phrygians came in 700 BC and founded the city of Dorylaeum, which was subject to the control of the Romans in the coming years.
The history of Eskişehir in the Byzantine era
During the Byzantine era, three important settlements appeared around the city of Dorylaeum, which is the settlement of Dorelayne, 3 km from the city and the thermal springs, which is known today as “HAMAMÖNÜ”, while the third settlement was located 11 km northwest of the city and is currently called Karacahisar.
Excavations and Byzantine coins found in the castle and the surrounding area indicate that it was inhabited between the seventh and eleventh centuries AD.