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Meet Turkish pistachios, one of the most fertile nuts raised in Turkey! People call it “Antep fıstığı” in Turkey. You can see Turkish pistachio as Antep pistachio too. Pistachio, also referred to as Green Gold, is a gift to the people of the fertile Anatolian lands.
Pistachio, which has a great place in the economy, finds its place in different areas of the food industry. It is also a source of nutrients that are loved and consumed as nuts. So, how do pistachios grow What are the benefits of pistachio We have collected special tips for breeders in this article!
What is Turkish Pistachio
First, let’s go one step back, and ask ourselves this question… What is Turkish pistachio Turkish pistachio is the fruit of a small tree from the gum tree family, growing in Central Asia and the Middle East. The pistachio tree is one of the best investments for a grower thanks to its valuable fruit.
Turkish pistachios “functional food”, which contain components that can meet the basic food requirements of the human body, as well as have positive effects on body physiology and metebolic functions is considered to be. You can find the best Turkish pistachios at a Turkish city called Gaziantep. Pistacio’s original name, “antep fıstığı” comes from this city. Pistachios used as an aroma additive in the confectionery and dessert (especially baklava and chocolate) industry, ice cream making, as well as its consumption as a cookie, is an energy source and nutritional value It is quite valuable in terms of view.
Newly planted Pistachio begins to give products when it reaches the age of 10. It gives an average of 10 kg. of products per tree. The average life span is 100-150 years. Pistachios, an important source of livelihoods of the local population, give crops in late August to September.
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Also read: Exporting in Turkey
Green Gold of the East: History of Pistachio
The first data on the pistachio tree dates back to thousands of years ago. Archaeological studies show that since MO 6650, peoplegrew a pistachio tree, and the valuable fruit of this tree is involved in feeding schemes.
This history data found seeds used to grow pistachio tree. The homeland of Green Gold remains in today’s Syrian territory, which is a food spread from the Middle East to the world. Over time, the trace began to be seen in Central Asia and in the extreme parts of the Atlantic. The pistachio tree has today become a tree that can be easily grown if the appropriate environment is established in various parts of the world.
Usages of Turkish Pistachio
The precious fruit of the Turkish pistachio tree stands out in very different areas of the food industry. It can be consumed fresh, or roasted and salted.
Turkish pistachio is frequently used especially in dessert production. It is one of the indispensable ingredients of ice cream on a global scale. In addition to the classic pistachio ice cream, it is also included in the Italian type of spumoni ice cream and traditional Napoli ice cream production. Among traditional Italian desserts, biscuit consistency biscotti is also among the flavors where pistachio peanuts are used
Turkish pistachio is one of the indispensable ingredients of many desserts from Turkey. Especially indispensable for sweets such as delight and baklava. In addition, pistachios are used in the decoration of many traditional desserts.
The range of use of this valuable fruit is not limited only to sweets. Turkish pistachio nuts can also be used in conjunction with delicatessen products. It is often used to give flavor in salami varieties. In the US and India, among the less known traditional flavors around the world, pistachio is also found.
Benefits of Turkish Pistachio
Rich in Vitamin B6
The Turkish pistachio is one of the best foods to eat for vitamin B6. It also contains a lot of potassium, phosphorus, copper, and vitamin B1. Vitamin B6 also aids in the formation of hemoglobin, which transports oxygen to blood cells, and it aids in the maintenance of normal blood sugar levels.
Rich in Antioxidants
It contains far more antioxidants than most nuts and seeds. The two most important antioxidants for eye health are lutein and zeaxanthin, which have the highest concentrations. Antep Turkish pistachio also contain polyphenols and tocopherol, both of which are antioxidants that aid in the fight against cancer and heart disease.
Protects the Veins
It contains a lot of the amino acid L-arginine, which is beneficial to your body. As a result, it has a significant impact on artery health. In the body, the amino acid L-arginine is converted into nitric oxide, which helps to open up your blood vessels and keep your blood pressure in check.
Supports Heart Health
Even though it contains 12 grams of fat in one serving, it contains no cholesterol, making it heart-healthy. Your blood cholesterol level is also reduced, lowering your risk of heart disease. It aids in the health of your heart.
Supports Skin Health
Pistachio moisturizes the skin naturally due to its high concentration of multiple and monounsaturated fatty acids. As a result, it has an anti-aging effect. Pistachio is used to treat dry skin in a variety of therapies, including massage therapy and aromatherapy. Vitamin E, as an antioxidant, protects the skin from the sun’s rays, which can cause a variety of skin diseases. Pistachios contain vitamin E as well. Consider all of the benefits pistachios can provide for your kitchen.
How Many Calories in Turkish Pistachios
One serving of Turkish pistachio contains 156 calories, which is approximately 50 pieces. They contain 6 grams of protein and 3 grams of dietary fiber, both of which are beneficial to your health. This crust has fewer calories because it contains a lot of protein and fiber. Other crusts do not have nearly as much. It contains a lot of fiber, which helps keep your intestines healthy and improves how your body absorbs food. It also has a lot of fat, with 12 grams in a single serving.
Polyunsaturated fatty acids, also known as “healthy fat,” account for 90% of this fat. When eaten, this shell, which has numerous health benefits, has a significant impact on many parts of the body, including the heart, veins, lungs, and intestines.
Pistachio Production in the World
Pistachio, which provides huge gains to its producer with its precious fruit, is a five produced worldwide. It is especially popular in the countries of the Middle East, which has its homeland. Iran is the number one country in pistachio tree cultivation. Immediately after him comes the United States.
Pistachio tree in the United States occurs in the state of California, especially due to the adequacy of climatic conditions. Our country is in the third time of pistachio tree cultivation and pistachio production in the world. Besides these three countries, China and Greece are among the countries that are ambitious about pistachios.
Features of Turkish Pistachio Tree
Turkish pistachio tree, by its structure, is quite durable. It struggles with temperature differences and is able to tolerate everything except moisture. The pistachio tree can grow up to 10 meters. When fully ripening, the width of the leaf reaches places from 10 to 20 cm.
Its fruit, as we all know, is Turkish antep pistachio. Outside there is a cream-colored shell, while inside it is a sweet green color, hidden in an enveloped structure between purple and burgundy. The pistachio tree gives an average of 50 kilograms or 50 thousand shelled turkish pistachios every two years. In short, it is quite ferocious and makes the face of its manufacturer laugh.
Raw pistachios collected from these trees are consumed without roasting. This state is usually consumed as a snack or used in making paste.
Where the Turkish Pistachio Tree Grows
Salt-Loving Glaze Tree
The pistachio tree is in its essence a desert plant. Therefore, it has a resistance from it to high saline soils. Nowadays it is also grown in off-desert areas, but it has been found that this property in the genetics of the seed yields better results with the addition of salt. It is believed that the yield of watered pistachio trees increased by the following added.
Resistant to Temperature Differences
Accustomed to the desert climate, the pistachio tree can skillfully cope with large temperature changes. — live between 10 degrees and 48 degrees. But it is worth reminding that even when the amount of temperature moves to the three points of this scale, you must necessarily meet the other requirements in order to get the best yield from the pistachio tree is necessary.
Humidity Is The Enemy
The princess of the desert climate, the pistachio tree, does not like moisture at all. As a result of genetic coding brought about by being grown in a desert climate across roads, it’s not too good. Take care that the area where you will make production is moisture-free. Besides, in case of excessive watering, the roots of the pistachio tree begin to suffer. Ideal for the production of areas where long and hot summers pass.
Plant in a Barn Garden
The ideal environment for planting pistachio tree is orchards. From the time of its first planting, it is expected to produce results from seven to preliminary years, depending on the ambient conditions and the structure of the seed. Between the years of production there is usually one year. That is, it gives the product once every two years. Their most fertile age coincides with twenty years after planting.
All these troublesome production conditions actually raises once again the issue of patience, which we mentioned in the beginning. The pistachio is a plant that wants patience. It would be more of a birth to see him as an investment. Initially, the pistachio tree should be planted and provided the necessary conditionlsr. After enough time has elapsed, pistachio will give you the best results.
- Red Peanut: It is obtained from the harvest of ripe Antep pistachios, fresh peanuts separated from their bay bay are consumed as a cookie or processed roasted pistachio. Roasted Pistachio Ripe Pistachio is produced by separating from their bay windows after harvesting and roasting it with a certain proportion of salt. It is consumed as a cookie.
- Gauze Interior: The grayish interior is the best quality and most delicious breed of pistachios. Pistachios are collected in fully immature form a month before the harvest time. Gray interior pistachio differs in its known pistachio interior color and has a greener hue. Due to the fact that its taste and aromatic flavor are very intense, it is often used in the making of baklava.
- Meverdi Inner: It is a kind of peanut obtained by harvesting the pistachio at the close stage of full ripening. Red inner Pistachio is a kind of pistachio that is red between the gray inner pistachio and the gray inner pistachio. Pistachios in the interior of meverdi are often used in the making of cake and halva.
- Red Inner: Fully ripened and harvested of pistachio
How Many Calories in Turkish Pistachios
One serving of Turkish pistachio contains 156 calories, which is approximately 50 pieces.