Turkey’s Wheat Producing Regions: A Full Guide 2023

Discover the fertile regions of Turkey’s wheat farming landscape, as we delve into the history, methods, and importance of these essential breadbasket locations.

Turkey is one of the world’s leading producers and exporters of wheat, a staple crop that has been cultivated in the region for thousands of years. Wheat is grown in almost every province of Turkey, but some regions have more favorable conditions and higher yields than others.

Turkey's Wheat Producing Regions


Turkey, the land of diverse cultures, vibrant history, and mouthwatering cuisine. But did you know that it’s also one of the world’s top wheat producers That’s right! Turkey’s agricultural prowess, particularly in wheat farming, has been a cornerstone of its economy and culture for centuries.

So, without further ado, let’s embark on a journey to explore the places of wheat farming of Turkey. In this article, we’ll uncover the regions where wheat thrives, the history behind it, and the role these places play in the country’s agricultural landscape.

Turkey’s Wheat-Producing Regions: A Flourishing Flour Trail

1. The Central Anatolian Plateau

  • The Heartland of Turkey’s Wheat Production
  • Semi-arid climate perfect for hard wheat varieties
  • Major cities: Ankara, Konya, and Eskişehir

Let’s kick things off with the Central Anatolian Plateau, Turkey’s breadbasket extraordinaire. This vast region, characterized by its semi-arid climate, is home to some of the country’s most productive places of wheat farming. Here, hard wheat varieties such as Durum and Red Anatolian flourish, thanks to the region’s warm, dry summers and cold winters.

2. The Southeastern Anatolia Region

  • A Rising Star in Turkey’s Wheat Landscape
  • Benefits from the Southeastern Anatolia Project (GAP)
  • Major cities: Diyarbakır, Şanlıurfa, and Gaziantep

Next up is the Southeastern Anatolia Region, an area that’s been making waves in Turkey’s wheat farming scene. With the support of the ambitious Southeastern Anatolia Project (GAP), this region has seen a significant increase in wheat production. The project’s focus on modernizing irrigation systems and improving agricultural infrastructure has created the perfect environment for wheat to thrive.

3. The Thrace Region

  • Where Europe and Asia Meet
  • Fertile lands and a temperate climate
  • Major cities: Edirne, Tekirdağ, and Kırklareli

Last but not least, let’s talk about the Thrace Region, a place where Europe and Asia come together in perfect harmony. The fertile lands and temperate climate of this region create a wheat-growing paradise. The gentle rolling hills are blanketed in fields of golden wheat, making it one of the top places of wheat farming in Turkey.

Turkish Red Wheat

The History of Wheat Farming in Turkey: Sowing the Seeds of Time

You might be wondering, how did wheat farming become such an integral part of Turkish agriculture Well, it all goes back thousands of years. As a cradle of civilization, Turkey’s lands have been tilled for millennia, and wheat has been at the heart of it all.

The ancient Hittites, who once ruled the Anatolian plateau, were known for their agricultural expertise. They cultivated wheat, barley, and other grains, using advanced techniques for their time. As the centuries passed, various empires and cultures contributed to the development of wheat farming in the region. Today, Turkey’s farmers are proud inheritors of this rich agricultural legacy.

Why Wheat Farming Matters: A Kernel of Truth

Now, let’s get down to brass tacks – why is wheat farming so important to Turkey Here are three reasons why these places of wheat farming are vital to the country:

  1. Economic Powerhouse: As one of the world’s top wheat producers, Turkey’s wheat farming industry contributes significantly to its economy. In fact, wheat is one of the country’s most valuable agricultural exports. By harnessing the power of its fertile lands, Turkey has established itself as a crucial player in the global wheat market.
  2. Cultural Significance: Wheat has been an essential staple in Turkish cuisine for centuries. From the humble loaf of bread to the delicious baklava, wheat plays a starring role in the nation’s culinary repertoire. The places of wheat farming in Turkey not only ensure a steady supply of this vital ingredient but also help preserve the country’s rich culinary traditions.
  3. Food Security: In a world of increasing population and dwindling resources, food security is of paramount importance. Turkey’s vast wheat-producing regions play a crucial role in ensuring that the nation has a reliable supply of this staple crop, thus safeguarding its food security.

Read also: Ministry of Agriculture in Turkey

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What are the main places of wheat farming in Turkey A: The Central Anatolian Plateau, the Southeastern Anatolia Region, and the Thrace Region are the main places of wheat farming in Turkey.

Q: What types of wheat are grown in Turkey A: Turkey primarily grows hard wheat varieties, such as Durum and Red Anatolian.

Q: How does the Southeastern Anatolia Project (GAP) impact wheat farming in Turkey A: The GAP has significantly increased wheat production in the Southeastern Anatolia Region by modernizing irrigation systems and improving agricultural infrastructure.

Q: Why is wheat farming important to Turkey’s economy A: Wheat farming is important to Turkey’s economy because it is one of the country’s most valuable agricultural exports and a major contributor to its overall agricultural output.

Red wheat


Turkey’s wheat farming landscape is a testament to the nation’s agricultural prowess and rich cultural history. The Central Anatolian Plateau, Southeastern Anatolia Region, and Thrace Region are the key places of wheat farming in Turkey, each contributing their unique characteristics to the country’s bountiful breadbasket. As we’ve seen, wheat farming in Turkey holds great economic, cultural, and food security significance, ensuring that this ancient crop continues to nourish the nation for generations to come.

Abdullah Habib
Abdullah Habib

Merhaba! I'm Abdullah Habib. In this article, I share the essence of my 7-year journey in Turkey - as an expat and foreign student. With a heart full of stories and a mind rich with insights from my experiences, I've written this piece just for you. So, without further ado, sit back, relax, and enjoy the read!

Articles: 3599