Tughra .. everything you need to know

Tughra .. everything you need to know

The Tughra is one of the important fonts in which an inscription is written at the top of the Ottoman Sultan’s letters, some in gold, some in beautiful bright colors, and they are written at the top of the books above the basmalah with a thick pen, and its...
Ottoman Palestine

Ottoman Palestine

Ottoman Palestine lived for a long period of nearly 400 years under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, where Palestine witnessed harmony and relative peace for a long time. Palestine entered under Ottoman rule in 1516, and continued until World War I, and witnessed great...
Sultan Mahmud II

Sultan Mahmud II

Sultan Mahmud II is one of the most important reformist sultans of the Ottoman Empire, whose reign witnessed many important decisions that changed the shape of the empire. The era of Sultan Mahmud witnessed the Ottoman Empire’s loss of Greece and Algeria, in...
Sultan Abdul Majid I

Sultan Abdul Majid I

Sultan Abdul Majid I, is considered an important sultan of the late Ottoman Empire period who tried to introduce modifications to the empire’s body. The reign of the Sultan was marked by the rise of nationalist movements, in addition to attempts to ally with...
Sultan Abdulaziz

Sultan Abdulaziz

Sultan Abdulaziz is considered one of the most important sultans of the late Ottoman Empire, as he was the first Sultan to travel on a diplomatic visit to Europe and Egypt. The life of Sultan Abdul Aziz I ended tragically after he was found murdered in the Ciragan...
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