السلطان مراد الخامس

Sultan Murad V

Sultan Murad V is considered one of the most controversial sultans in the Ottoman Empire, as he is the only sultana who joined the Masonic Society. Sultan Murad V took power for a short period, and was isolated due to his suffering from a nervous breakdown after the killing of Read more…

ministry of interior turkey

Ministry of Interior Turkey

The Ministry of Interior Turkey is the ministry entrusted with maintaining public order, security, social peace and civil status in Turkey. The Ministry of Interior in Turkey seeks to achieve the vision of “Safe Turkey” and uses all institutions affiliated to it from the gendarmerie, the General Directorate of Security, Read more…

The Turkish Constitution

The Turkish Constitution

The Turkish Constitution is the document that defines the basic rules of the Turkish Republic, the system of government, the form of the state, and the authorities in general. Turkey’s constitution is the cornerstone of laws and legislation, as it defines the rights and duties of citizens in 177 articles Read more…

خط سكة حديد الحجاز السلطان عبد الحميد الثاني

Hejaz Railway

The Hejaz Railway is one of the most important achievements of the era of Sultan Abdul Hamid II and the Ottoman Empire, which contributed to linking the parts of the empire together, as the Hijaz Railway reduced travel time to Mecca and Medina from 50 days to only 5 days. Read more…