Eco Tourism in Turkey : A Guide to Sustainable Travel 2023

Welcome to the exciting world of eco tourism in Turkey! This beautiful country boasts an impressive range of natural wonders and cultural treasures, making it a prime destination for environmentally conscious travelers.

In this article, we’ll explore Turkey’s eco tourism potential, highlight popular destinations, recommend activities, and share some tips on responsible travel. So let’s dive in!

Eco Tourism in Turkey

Eco Tourism in Turkey

What is Eco Tourism

Eco tourism is a responsible and sustainable form of travel that seeks to minimize its impact on the environment, preserve natural habitats, and support local communities. It encourages tourists to appreciate and learn about the natural and cultural heritage of their destination while contributing to conservation efforts.

The Importance of Eco Tourism

Eco tourism helps protect fragile ecosystems, promotes conservation, and creates economic opportunities for local communities. By choosing eco-friendly travel options, you can enjoy a unique and authentic experience while minimizing your environmental footprint.

Turkey’s Eco Tourism Potential

Turkey is a land of diverse landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and abundant wildlife. From its stunning coastline to its rugged mountains, there is no shortage of opportunities for eco tourism. Here, we’ll take a closer look at some of the country’s top eco destinations and activities.

Eco Destinations


Fairy Chimneys

Cappadocia is known for its otherworldly landscape of “fairy chimneys” – towering rock formations created by volcanic eruptions and centuries of erosion. These natural wonders are a must-see for eco tourists, offering a surreal backdrop for hiking, photography, and hot air ballooning.

Eco Tourism in Turkey cappadocia

Göreme Open-Air Museum

This UNESCO World Heritage site is home to ancient cave churches adorned with stunning frescoes. Discover the region’s rich history and marvel at the ingenuity of the early Christian settlers who carved these sanctuaries into the soft rock.

You can book a flight to Göreme Open-Air Museum from here

Hot Air Ballooning

Drift above the enchanting landscape of Cappadocia in a hot air balloon, witnessing the fairy chimneys, cave dwellings, and vineyards from a bird’s eye view. This unforgettable experience allows you to appreciate the region’s unique topography with minimal environmental impact.


The Black Sea Region

The Kaçkar Mountains

The Kaçkar Mountains, part of the Pontic Alps, offer pristine landscapes and abundant biodiversity, making them an ideal destination for eco tourism. Hikers can explore lush forests, alpine meadows, and glacier-carved valleys while keeping an eye out for wildlife such as bears, wolves, and the endemic Caucasian Black Grouse.

Eco Tourism in Turkey iking

Ayder Plateau

Nestled in the heart of the Kaçkar Mountains, Ayder Plateau is a picturesque destination known for its natural hot springs, verdant meadows, and traditional wooden houses. Enjoy a rejuvenating soak in the thermal pools or hike through the scenic countryside to discover hidden waterfalls and ancient stone bridges.

Sumela Monastery

Perched on a cliffside overlooking the Altındere Valley, the Sumela Monastery is a stunning example of Byzantine architecture. Explore the ancient frescoes and learn about the monastic life while taking in the breathtaking views of the surrounding forested slopes.

Macahel Valley

This remote and unspoiled valley near the Georgian border is a haven for eco tourists, offering diverse flora and fauna, traditional villages, and abundant opportunities for trekking, birdwatching, and wildlife spotting.


Hierapolis Ancient City

The ancient city of Hierapolis, founded in the 2nd century BC, is a UNESCO World Heritage site with well-preserved ruins, including a theater, necropolis, and thermal baths. Wander through the archaeological site and learn about the history of this ancient spa town.

Travertine Terraces

Pamukkale’s famous travertine terraces are a natural wonder created by mineral-rich waters cascading down the hillside, forming dazzling white limestone pools. These geological formations are not only a spectacular sight but also a testament to the power of nature’s creativity.

Cleopatra’s Pool

Take a dip in the ancient thermal pool, believed to have been frequented by Cleopatra herself. The warm, mineral-rich waters are said to have healing properties, and the submerged Roman columns add a touch of historical intrigue.

Eco Activities


Turkey’s diverse landscapes offer a wealth of trekking opportunities, from the rocky paths of Cappadocia to the lush forests of the Black Sea Region. The country is also home to several long-distance hiking trails, such as the famous Lycian Way and St. Paul Trail.


With its unique position at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa, Turkey is a birdwatching paradise. Visit the Bosphorus Strait during the migration season to witness thousands of birds passing overhead, or explore the wetlands of the southeastern Anatolia for a chance to spot rare and endemic species.

Scuba Diving

Turkey’s extensive coastline offers numerous diving opportunities, from exploring ancient shipwrecks to discovering vibrant underwater ecosystems. Choose a responsible dive operator that prioritizes marine conservation and adheres to eco-friendly practices.


Wildlife Safaris

Embark on a wildlife safari to observe Turkey’s native species in their natural habitats. Whether you’re tracking brown bears in the Kaçkar Mountains or watching sea turtles nest on the Mediterranean coast, these experiences can deepen your appreciation for the country’s rich biodiversity.

Responsible Travel

Sustainable Accommodations

Choose eco-friendly accommodations that prioritize sustainability and environmental conservation. Look for eco-lodges, boutique hotels, or guesthouses that use renewable energy, recycle waste, and source locally-produced food.

Supporting Local Communities

Support local communities by purchasing handcrafted souvenirs, dining at family-owned restaurants, and hiring local guides. Not only does this help boost the local economy, but it also allows you to gain a deeper understanding of the region’s culture and traditions.

Environmental Conservation

Be a responsible traveler by practicing the “Leave No Trace” principles. Dispose of your waste properly, avoid disturbing wildlife, and stay on designated trails to minimize your impact on the environment.


Eco tourism in Turkey offers a wealth of opportunities to explore the country’s stunning landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and diverse wildlife. By choosing sustainable travel options, supporting local communities, and respecting the environment, you can experience Turkey’s unique charm while contributing to its conservation efforts. So pack your bags and embark on an unforgettable eco adventure in this beautiful land!


1. What is the best time of year to visit Turkey for eco tourism

Turkey’s climate varies across the country, but generally, the best time for eco tourism is during the spring (April-May) and autumn (September-October) months when the weather is mild and landscapes are at their most vibrant.

2. Do I need any special permits for trekking in Turkey’s national parks

Some national parks and protected areas may require permits or charge entrance fees. It’s best to check the specific requirements for your chosen destination in advance.

3. How can I ensure my travel to Turkey is sustainable and eco-friendly

Choose eco-friendly accommodations, support local businesses, and participate in sustainable activities such as hiking, birdwatching, or scuba diving with responsible operators. Additionally, practice responsible travel habits, like minimizing waste and respecting the environment.

4. Are there any specific cultural considerations I should be aware of when visiting Turkey

Turkish culture is diverse and welcoming, but it’s essential to be respectful of local customs and traditions. Dress modestly when visiting religious sites, ask for permission before taking photos of people, and learn some basic Turkish phrases to show your appreciation for the local culture.

5. What should I pack for an eco trip to Turkey

Pack lightweight, breathable clothing, comfortable shoes for walking, a reusable water bottle, and eco-friendly toiletries. It’s also a good idea to bring a hat, sunscreen, and insect repellent to protect yourself from the sun and insects.

Abdullah Habib
Abdullah Habib

Merhaba! I'm Abdullah Habib. In this article, I share the essence of my 7-year journey in Turkey - as an expat and foreign student. With a heart full of stories and a mind rich with insights from my experiences, I've written this piece just for you. So, without further ado, sit back, relax, and enjoy the read!

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