city of bilecik (1)

Bilecik .. An Agriculture City with Ancient History

  • Post last modified:March 13, 2023
  • Reading time:16 mins read
  • Post category:Economy / Cities

Bilecik is Turkish province located in the western part of Turkey, bordered on the west by Bursa, on the north by Sakarya, on the east by Bolu, and to the south by the state of Eskişehir.

Bilecik province extends over an area of ​​4307 km2, with a population of about a quarter of a million people, it’s proximity to Istanbul gives Bilecik a strategic position.


Counties of Bilecik State

The state contains 8 regions or cities, which are:

City of Bilecik








The number of villages in the state is 244 villages.

Bilecik History

The region was inhabited since 3000 BC, as the civilizations that affected the region varied from the Hittites and Phrygians, through the kingdoms of Lydia and the Persians to the Romans and the Byzantines.

Bilecik emerged with the dawn of the Ottoman Empire, when Ertuğrul Gazi conquered the city in 1231 in the name of the Seljuk state.

After the establishment of the Ottoman Empire at the hands of Osman I son of Ertuğrul Gazi, Soğut, a city located in Bilecik Province, gained great importance, as it was the capital of the first Ottoman Empire.

Soğut continued to be a center of rule for the emerging country from 1299 until 1335 AD.

Throughout history, the sultans of the Ottoman Empire have been interested in Bilecik in general and the city of Soğut in particular, as the state is inhabited by descendants of the Kay tribe, which is the tribe to which the Ottoman family belongs.

Sultan Abdul Hamid II paid special attention to the city of Soğut, where he established the Hamidiye Mosque in 1905 AD, and he was mainly dependent on the people of the city to join the guard posts because of their strength, courage and belonging to the state.

Bilecik History Old Pictures

Bilecik today

Today, Bilecik is a transit point between Istanbul, Ankara, Bursa and Eskisehir, as the express train pass thorough Bilecik from Sakarya and goes to Eskişehir.

The Bilecik high-speed train connects to many cities, most notably Ankara, Istanbul, Konya and Eskişehir, and there is also a bus station that connects the city to most of the other Turkish cities.

Bilecik today

Bilecik Economy

The province is known for its agricultural activity in particular and the highly fertile soils, as half of Bilecik State is covered with natural forests and trees.

Bilecik province is also considered one of the distinct states in Turkey in terms of rainwater, as the city has an excellent rainfall that made it an ideal place for agriculture.

The total annual precipitation in Bilecik province is about 450 kg / m2

Also read: Eskisehir economy … a comprehensive report on the diversified and prosperous economy

The presence of the natural green areas in Bilecik contributed to the emergence of an economic activity related to raising livestock and animals in the natural pastures, which is an important feature of the city’s economy as well.

The natural trees found in Bilecik range from oak, black pine, beech, red pine, chestnut and fir.

The main agricultural products produced by the province include wheat, legumes, barley, corn, chickpeas, beans, sugar beets, sunflowers, onions, purslane, carrots, peppers, tomatoes, eggplant, lettuce, cucumbers and hops.

In addition, in Bilecik, the cultivation of grapes, pomegranates, peaches, quince and cherries is popular, as well as greenhouse cultivation in the range of agricultural activities.

In the field of animal husbandry, Ranching and animal husbandry takes place in the city, in addition to the spread of beekeeping.

Also read: Aras Cargo a full report about the Turkish shipping company

Pelecic cultivation soilless cultivation

Weather in Bilecik

Bilecik enjoys a warm summer climate in the Mediterranean region, with cool, humid and often snowy winters, and hot and dry summers. Summer is hot and dry.

Temperatures in Bilecik summer usually reach 30 ° C (86 ° F) during the height of summer, which is the driest months.

Winters in Bilecik are cold and frequent snowfall between December and March.

Bilecik in the winter

The most famous tourist places in Bilecik

The tomb of Şeyh Edebali

Sheikh Edibali is considered the godfather of Bilecik, the mausoleum is a modest building on top of a small hill behind the valley where the old city was founded.

Also read: Tourism in Eskisehir … Top 10 places for an unforgettable vacation

The mausoleum was built by Orhan Gazi, and can be accessed through a stone staircase.

Next to Sheikh Edibali’s mausoleum, there is another small shrine belonging to the sheikh’s wife and daughter Malhaton, the wife of Othman Ghazi.

Mausoleum of Sheikh Edebali

Orhan Gazi Mosque

The mosque, built on the edge of a steep slope, has the capacity to accommodate 365 worshipers at the same time.

Historians believe that the Orhan Gazi Mosque, built in the early 14th century and only 50 meters from Edebali Mausoleum, was restored to the Orhan Gazi Mosque in 1973.

Unlike other mosques, where minarets are traditionally located next to the mosque, the main minaret of Orhan Gazi Mosque was built on a rock, 30 meters from the main building of the mosque.

Orhan Gazi Mosque

Ertuğrul Gazi shrine

No visit to Bilecik is complete without seeing the mausoleum of Ertugrul Gazi, the father of Osman Gazi, the founder of the Ottoman Empire.

The mausoleum is located in Soğut, although the exact construction date of the mausoleum is unknown, and it is believed that it was built in the late 13th century.

Also buried in the mausoleum is Ertuğrul Gazi’s wife, Halima Sultan, as well as some of his most famous warriors, among them Turgut Alp.

Ertuğrul Gazi shrine Sogut Bilecik

Activities to do in Bilecik

Eat Gözleme Pastry

The wooden hut restaurant at the entrance to the mausoleum provides the most delicious  traditional flatbread “Turkish Gözleme”, the restaurant is located next to the shrine of Sheikh Edebali.

Relax after a tour of the shrine and buy souvenirs from the gift shop in a relaxed atmosphere while enjoying a delicious Gözleme.

Buying ceramic products

Bilecik is one of the centers of ceramic and porcelain production, therefore, ceramic gifts are very common and the city makes beautiful souvenirs. You can find ceramic products in small shops near historical places or from factory outlet stores located along the road near the city center.

Take a nature tour

Nature in the state is ideal for hiking, and it attracts a large number of local tourists from the surrounding provinces, those who live in major cities in particular come to Bilecik to enjoy nature, de-stress and get away from the hustle and bustle of the city. The village of Abbaslık-Abbaslik in the center of the state is considered one of the most important natural centers, in addition to the various heights in the Buziuk region, which are very popular.

Osmanli Bilecik

Go on a tour at Osmanli

The Goksu stream area passes through the Osmanli neighborhood in Bilecik via one of the most beautiful places to walk, as it is located almost completely inside the forest, and the walkway from beginning to end takes about four to five hours of walking.


With its relaxing nature, geographical location and climatic conditions, Bilecik has become one of the main options for tourists for camping.

Bozüyük and Pazaryeri-Pazaria are the most popular campgrounds in the state.

Study in Bilecik

Bilecik Sheikh Edebali University is the main center of education in the city, as the university was established in 2007, and contains the College of Sciences and Arts, the College of Engineering, the Graduate School of Social Sciences, and the Graduate School of Science.

Bilecik Sheikh Edebali University

Bilecik location

the state is located on the express train route between Istanbul, Ankara and Konya. It can be reached by booking a train ticket from Istanbul and getting off at the express train station in Bilecik, and then taking a taxi or dolmus “mini bus” to the city center.